OHSAS 18001

Introduction

MASkargo created a new position of Safety Executive, which was filled by En.Safuan Darus effective 15 January 2003. He is a registered SHO (Safety Health Officer) with DOSH (Dept.of Occupational Safety and Health) registration number - JKKP IS 127/438/2/1891.

It was him who initiated and proposed to MASkargo's Top Management to go for the OHSAS 18001 certification, which is part of his safety enhancement program for the year 2003. At that time the proposed target date for completion was December 2003, but due to unforeseen circumstances, it was deferred to June 2004. Again due to the safety operational constraints, OHSAS 18001 was officially launched on the 14 July 2004.

MASkargo appointed KBH Management Services as the consultant and SIRIM/QAS International as the certification body, whom safety standard is recognised worldwide.

Why did MASkargo go for OHSAS 18001 Certification?

MASkargo is Malaysia's national cargo carrier and has a worldwide reputation as an effective and efficient provider of cargo services. In view of the critical nature of its business activities, in terms of operations, and to maintain its' reputation, MASkargo Management have identified the need to implement a safety and health management system. This is to reduce or minimise employees' work-related injuries and illness, and also to meet its legal obligations under the Malaysian Law, while at the same time enhancing its corporate image as a responsible employer and fulfilling MASkargo's corporate citizen obligation.

Apart from that, OHSAS 18001 certification's emphasis on safety standard is recognised worldwide, which has the following benefits:

  • Reduction of safety-related costs
  • Enhancement of company image
  • Reduced health/safety risks
  • Demonstrate commitment to comply with legal and other OSH requirements

About OHSAS 18001

OHSAS is the abbreviation of Occupational Health & Safety Assessment Series.

OHSAS 18001:1999 Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) management system is an internationally recognised OHS management system standard, against which corporate management system can be assessed and certified.

OHSAS specification is applicable to any organisation that wishes to :

  1. establish an OH&S management system to eliminate or minimise risks to employees and other parties who may be exposed to OH&S risks associated with its activities
  2. implement, maintain and continually improve an OH&S management system
  3. assure itself of its conformance with its stated OH&S policy
  4. seek certification/registration of its OH&S management system by an external organization, e.g. SIRIM/QAS, AJA, LYODDs etc.

Overall OHSAS will enable MASkargo to control OH&S risks and improve its performance, inline with the Self-Regulatory concept of the OSHA 1994 (Occupational Safety and Health Act), and as far as practicable, also calls for the elimination or minimisation of risk to employees and other parties who may be exposed to the risk associated with our activities via a safe and healthy working systems.

HIRAC (Hazard Identification Risk Assessment and Risk Control)

MASkargo had carried out HIRAC on all its operation activities and have identified 18 units, including admin offices at the ACC. HIRAC covers all work activities and processes which had been identified based on the job sequences.

The staff nominated by their respective Head of Department represented all the 18 units, and they form the OHSAS Steering Committee during the project.

Among the significant hazards identified at MASkargo are :

  • fire-explosion reactions
  • Slips, trips and falls
  • Machinery equipments - automation
  • Noise, vibrations
  • Vehicles i.e. forklift, tractor
  • Falling objects

The risks are then assessed following the risk ranking table (probability of occurrence and severity table) and an additional control measures determined for high and substantial risks activities.

MASkargo OSH Objectives and Policy

MASkargo has set up the overall objective to achieve zero injuries for the period of 01/9/04 to 30/6/05, including the following objectives which was established to support the above :

  1. towards achieving full legal compliance by 30/6/05
  2. to ensure significant risks are reduced to lower ratings (1-3) by 30/6/05.
  3. to encourage reporting of every suggestions, unsafe acts and unsafe conditions through ICIX (I See I Act) reporting system by 30/6/05.
  4. to boost the awareness among the employee by OSH promotional activities for the period of September 2004 to June 2005.

OSH Legislation and Regulatory Requirements

MASkargo is yet to fully conform to OH&S legislation and regulations requirements that are applicable to our activities. Several action plans has been developed to ensure full compliance towards OH&S legislation and regulations requirement. Among the significant OH&S legislation applicable are :

  1. OSHA 1994 and its related regulations
    • Safety and Health Committee Regulations 1996
    • Classification, Packaging and Labeling of Hazardous Chemical Regulations 1997
    • Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health (USECHH) Regulations 2000.
  2. Factories and Machinery Act 1967 and its related regulations
    • Notification, Certification of Fitness & Inspection Reg. 1970
    • Safety, Health and Welfare Reg. 1970
    • Noise Exposure Reg. 1989
    • Electric Passenger and Good Lift Reg. 1970
    • Fencing of Machinery and Safety Reg. 1970

Recording of Information to Track Performance

MASkargo has also established proactive monitoring in terms of the monitoring the conformity of OHS activity, monitoring the progress of OSH objectives and management programme, effectiveness of emergency response and preparedness. The reactive monitoring includes monitoring of accident, incident and hazardous event, which is being monitored through the Safety and Health Committee Meeting on a bi-monthly basis.

Effectiveness of the System for continuous improvement of the OHS performance

In order to facilitate implementation and operation, roles, responsibilities and authorities of key personnel i.e. personnel who manage, perform and verify activities, facilities and processes are defined and documented in the OSH procedures. MASkargo also provides appropriate training for personnel, in line with their roles, responsibilities and authorities to ensure activities are carried out according to the established procedures.

Reporting and Control Mechanism

MASkargo has established a reporting and control mechanism for effective implementation of the OHS Management System. Among the reporting platforms established are the Safety Committee Meeting, Sub-Committees Meeting (currently 10 sub-committees), and Management Review Meeting once a year.