Q : What is AMS?
A : AMS, abbreviation of Automated Manifest System, is a electronic transmission system to US Customs (CBP) before the actual arrival of cargo in US territory. This system originally started as to simplify the custom procedure, but recently, the main focus has shifted to inspect cargo in advance to avoid terror and to tighten security measures. CBP : Customs and Border Protection - New Official Name for US Customs. Sub-organization of US DHS (Department of Homeland Security)
Q : What is the basic difference between AMS and other nation's declaration system?
A : AMS requires mandatory submission of electronic declarations within 4 hours before the arrival at first US stations. Secondly, the Carrier must transmit both MAWB and HAWB. Thirdly, any mis-input in Data, late or omission of transmission are subject to penalty.
Q : What is the estimated amount of fine for each AMS Data failure and who is subject to fine?
A : For each irregularity case per MAWB/HAWB, USD5,000 - USD 10,000 will be imposed to the Carrier. According to US DHS Regulation § 122.48[c][3], the Carrier could seek re-compensation to the Agent. Cases subject to penalty : Omission of Transmission, Inaccurate Transmission, False Report Shipment of US Embargo items.
Q : Who is subject to AMS Transmission?
A : Carrier (mandatory) Freight Forwarder (AMS Deconsolidator) Importer or its Broker (ABI : Automated Broker Interface) Express Consignment Facility
Q : Should Forwarders register to US CBP for transmission of Air AMS?
A : Forwarders are not required to register to US CBP, and HAWB could be transmitted in other ways (See Submission of AWB Data to the Carrier). However, AMS Deconsolidator should complete registration process to acquire FIRMS Code from CBP. FIRMS : Facilities Information and Resources Management System
Q : Are there any exceptions to the Declaration of Air AMS?
A : Public aircraft, Private aircraft, Charter Flights operated by US Gov't are exempted from Transmission of Air AMS.
Q : What are the cities that require the Transmission of Air AMS?
A : All US Mainland cities and ANC, HNL.
Q : Which regions are exempted from Transmission of Air AMS?
A : Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands (Saipan), U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Wake Island, Midway Islands and Johnston Atoll.
Q : When is the enforcement date of Air AMS?
A :
DatePorts in the Following Locations
Eastern U.S. August 13, 2004Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maine, Marryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia.
Central U.S. October 13, 2004Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin
Western U.S. December 13, 2004Alaska, Arizona, california, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oregon, Utah, Washington
Q : Does the enforcement date above applies to first station (including T/L) or final destination?
A : Air AMS applies to the first station (including T/L). For MASkargo, all MH flights to New York will take effect from 13th August, 2004. For MH flights to Los Angeles, Air AMS will take effect from 13th December, 2004.
Q : Who is responsible for Air AMS Data input?
A : In general, the Carrier is responsible for MAWB Data input, and the Agent (Departure Station) is responsible for HAWB Data input.
Q : What is the time limit for Air AMS and which station is in charge of sending Air AMS data to CBP?
A : Air AMS Data should be sent no later than 4 hours before arrival of the first station in US territory. For MASkargo, the first departure station will be in charge of sending Air AMS data to CBP.
Q : Glossary
A :
ACSAutomated Commercial System. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) electronic entry/manifest processing system
ABIAutomated Broker Interface, a module of CBP Automated Commercial System
AESAutomated Export System
AGTAgent. (Message Line Identifier)
AMSAutomated Manifest System. Comprised of Air, Sea/Rail modules of ACS
ARRArrival detail. (Message Line Identifier)
AWBAir waybill (Message Line Identifier)
ASNAirline Status Notification. (Message Line Identifier)
ATAAir Transport Association of America
ATSAutomated Targeting System
B/LBill of Lading
CAMIRCustoms Automated Manifest Interface Requirements
CCLCargo Control Location. (Message Line Identifier)
CEDCustoms Express Detail (Message Line Identifier).
CFR or CRCode of Federal Regulations or Customs Regulations
CFSContainer Freight Station (also known as Deconsolidator)
CNEConsignee. (Message Line Identifier)
COACCommercial Operations Advisory Committee of the Customs Service
CRLFCarriage Return and Line Feed (end-of-line character string)
CSDCustoms Shipment Description. (Message Line Identifier)
CSIContainer Security Initiative
CSNCustoms Status Notification. (Message Line Identifier)
C-TPATThe Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism
CTOCargo Terminal Operator. FIRMS or carrier code.
DEPDeparture. (Message Line Identifier)
DHSDepartment of Homeland Security
ECCFExpress Cargo Clearance Facility
ERFError Report Flight (Message Line Identifier)
ERRError. (Message Line Identifier)
FDMFlight Departure Message. (Message Type)
FERFreight Error Report. (Message Type)
FIRMSFacility Information Resource Management System
FRCFreight Report Change. (Message Type)
FRIFreight Report Inbound. (Message Type)
FROBForeign Cargo Remaining on Board
FSCFreight Status Condition. (Message Type)
FRXFreight Report Cancellation. (Message Type)
FSIFreight Status Information (Message Type)
FSNFreight Status Notification. (Message Type)
FSQFreight Status Query. (Message Type)
FXCFreight Express Change. (Message Type)
FXIFreight Express Inbound. (Message Type)
FXXFreight Express Cancellation. (Message Type)
GMTGreenwich Mean Time
G.O.General Order.
House Air WaybillHouse air waybill.
HUBPrivate type of courier express facility (exclusive to operating air courier)
ICAOInternational Civil Aviation Organization. Issuer of the Three-Letter Airline Designator
IATAInternational Air Transportation Association
IATA CARGO IMPIATA Cargo Interchange Message Procedures.
IEImmediate Exportation or Informal Entry under Customs bond.
ISOInternational Standards Organization
ITImmediate Transportation under Customs Bond
Master Air WaybillMaster air waybill for consolidation.
MDRManifest Discrepancy Report.
NPRMNotice of Proposed Rulemaking (2003.7.23)
RIARegulatory Impact Analysis
PTPPermit To Proceed.
RFAReason For Amendment. (Message Line Identifier)
SCACStandard Carrier Alpha Code (not supported by AMS)
SMIStandard Message Identifier.
T&ETransportation and Exportation under Customs bond.
TSATransportation Security Administration
TXTText explanation
USUnited States
USPSUnited States Postal Service

AMS Deconsolidator

Q : What is AMS Deconsolidator
A : AMS Deconsolidator is a member of CBP that has acquired FIRMS code, and thus authorized to send House Data directly to CBP System. Carriers has no obligations to send House Data of AMS Deconsolidator. FIRMS : Facilities Information and Resources Management System
Q : What is the advantage of AMS Deconsolidator having authorized to send House Data directly to CBP?
A : AMS Deconsolidators does not have to reveal internal classified information, and can also receive prompt reply from CBP.

Related CBP Answer

By providing house-level air waybill information directly to CBP, an eligible voluntary AMS participant need not disclose to the carrier those data elements of the House Air Waybill related to the shipper and consignee. Many such parties consider this information to be business proprietary information, which it would prefer to report directly to CBP without having to so disclose to the carrier. In addition, voluntary participants would be able to request in-bond authorization at the House Air Waybill level through AMS. Finally, a Container Freight Station (CFS) or Express Consignment Carrier Facility (ECCF) that voluntarily participates in AMS would receive electronic Freight Status Notification (FSN) messages related to CBP processing of entries for cargo located at its facility.

Q : How could AWB indicate the cargo of AMS Deconsolidator?
A : On 'Handling Information of MAWB', the forwarder should input following data and submit; "HOUSE INFORMATION TRANSMITTED BY Y807" (If the FIRMS CODE is Y807). In the FWB Message, the FIRMS CODE is to be indicated in the OSI line of the message.
Q : Since AMS Deconsolidator does not display HAWB, what is the solution to Partial Shipment?
A : In general, Partial Shipment is prohibited in AMS Deconsolidator. In case of Partial shipment the Deconsolidator should submit "CUSTOMS Pouch"containing following information to the Carrier (Pouch should be submitted with the AWB) HAWB (CONSOLIDATION) MANIFEST or HAWB Hard Copies Consolidation MFST per pallet : Submit HAWB information on SKID or BUC pallet ex. HAWB BAX11111/34PC-PMC1234KE/20PC, PMC2345KE/14PC

FROB (Foreign Cargo Remaining Onboard)

Q : Does Air AMS apply to the Cargo via US whose final Destination is Outside of US (such as Canada)?
A : Yes. Any MH flight bound for a destination outside of LAX and EWR is subject to Air AMS based on FROB (Foreign Remaining On Board) regulations.
Q : Does Air AMS apply to the Cargo bound for Europe via US?
A : Yes. For instance, cargo bound for CPH via ANC & JFK is subject to Air AMS.

Related CBP Q and A

Q : Is AMS filing required for cargo that arrives aboard an aircraft, is not unladen and subsequently exported from the U.S. aboard the same aircraft?
A : Yes. Such cargo meets the definition of Foreign Cargo Remaining on Board (FROB). AMS will include a new indicator in the transfer line for purposes of identifying such cargo as FROB. (TRN/R) This indicator will be used for simple and Master Air Waybill records. House Air Waybill records must be reported for consolidated shipments even though the FROB indicator need not be used for the House Air Waybill records. The FROB indicator at the Master Air Waybill level will be applied to all associated House Air Waybills.

Local Transfer

Q : What is the input method of the Local Transfer Shipment from the Carrier to Forwarders?
A : Please Input in MAWB Handling Information as following; LOCAL TRANSFER AT DESTINATION TO WAREHOUSE E844" (If the FIRM CODE of the Bonded Warehouse is E844) FIRMS : Facilities Information and Resources Management System
Q : Does the same method apply to Partial Shipment involving more than one Bonded Warehouse?
A : Yes. Same method should be applied with separate FIRMS code for each Bonded Warehouse.

Related CBP Q and A

Q : If a Master Air Waybill record references split arrival information, must the carrier request #65AFACand receive electronic authorization for each part of the split shipment?
A : Yes. For each portion of the split Master Air Waybill that is transferred to another facility, the carrier must request and receive electronic transfer authorization.

Validity of the Data

Q : Should AWB data and System data collides with each other, which one is valid?
A : The System Data takes preference to AWB Data since it is sent by EDI.
Q : What is the maximum alphanumeric in HAWB?
A : 12 alphanumeric

Related CBP Q and A

Q : Is the AMS participant required to transmit all the alphanumeric characters as printed on the paper copy of the House Air Waybill?
A : Yes. The AMS participant is required to report the full House Air Waybill identifier as printed on the hard copy document. This includes alpha characters preceding or contained within the house-level shipment identification.

Split (Partial) Shipment

Q : Is the partial shipment prohibited?
A : Partial Shipment is NOT Prohibited. In the case of Partial shipment, exact piece, Manifest Data,AMS Data of Partial Cargo must be matched. Also, for BUC shipment, AWB must include exact information of cargo in ULD and Document: "Customs Pouch" must be submitted to the Carrier. It is strongly recommended to avoid Partial shipment of HAWB, and large shipments are strongly advised to be divided into seperate MAWB. "Customs Pouch" includes the following documents; * Consolidation List or HAWB copy * Consolidation List per Pallet (Cargo Location required in BUC or Skid )
Q : Is it possible to send Partial Shipment to different itinerary?
A : No. The itinerary of the Partial shipment should be identical.

Related CBP Q and A

Q : Since the Automated Broker Interface (ABI) cannot accommodate multiple flight arrival information for split shipments how can a single entry be filed for a split shipment and the proper freight status notifications be sent?
A : CBP has an existing policy to allow a single entry to be filed for a split shipment provided that the conditions of part 141.57 of the Customs Regulations have been satisfied. If these conditions are satisfied, the entry filer must include additional information on the CBP Form 3461. For purposes of completing boxes 12, 13, 15, 16 and 17 of the CBP 3461, the filer will include the transportation information for the first portion of the split shipment. For the purposes of completing boxes 21, 22 and 23, the filer must enter all air waybills and the quantities for which a single entry or a special permit for immediate delivery are requested. In box 29, the filer will enter the following information for all portions of the split shipment covered by the single entry or special permit for immediate delivery: Carrier Code Flight Number Arrival Date Piece Count for that Arrival. In order to transmit an electronic permit to release for each portion of a split shipment, CBP must post such release to each portion covered by the single entry or special permit for immediate delivery. To effect such release, the importer must provide a copy of the CBP 3461 to CBP with the information noted above. If the release is to occur incrementally, the filer must provide such notification to CBP upon arrival of each portion of the shipment.

Commodity Name

Q : In the case of One Master One House, what is the proper Commodity Name?
A : All Consol must be entered as 'CONSOL' or 'CONSOLIDATION' only. ('CNSL' is not allowed) For HAWB, 'Precise Cargo Description' must be stated.

Related CBP Q and A

Q : If a master air waybill record has only a single house air waybill, is it possible for the carrier to transmit as a simple air waybill?
A : No. When a master air waybill references only one house air waybill, both the master air waybill and the house air waybill must be reported.
Q : What is the general standard for entering commodity?
A : Ambiguous or equivocal term should not be used. The prohibited Commodity List is appended to this FAQ.
Q : Commodity
A :
Not AcceptableAcceptable
Apparel Wearing Apparel Ladies' Apparel Men's ApparelClothing Shoes Footwear Jewelry (may include watches
AppliancesKitchen Appliances Industrial Appliances Heat Pump
Autoparts PartsNew Autoparts Used Autoparts
CapsBaseball Caps Blasting Caps Bottle Caps Hub Caps
Chemicals, hazardous Chemicals, non-hazardousActual Chemical Name (not brand name) Or U.N. HAZMAT Code Identifier #
Electronic Goods ElectronicsComputers Consumer Electronics, Telephones Electronic Toys (can include Gameboys, Game Cubes, Dancing Elmo Doll etc.) Personal/Household Electronics (i.e. PDA's, VCR's, TV's)
EquipmentIndustrial Equipment, Oil Well Equipment Automotive Equipment, Poultry Equipment etc.
FlooringWood Flooring, Plastic Flooring, Carpet, Ceramic Tile, Marble Flooring
FoodstuffsOranges Fish Packaged Rice, Packaged Grain, Bulk Grain
IronIron Pipes, Steel Pipes
SteelIron Building Material, Steel Building Material
Leather ArticlesSaddles Leather Handbags Leather Jackets, Shoes
MachineryMetal Working Machinery Cigarette Making Machinery
MachinesSewing Machines Printing Machines
PipesPlastic Pipes PVC Pipes Steel Pipes Copper Pipes
Plastic GoodsPlastic Kitchenware, Plastic Houseware, Industrial Plastics Toys, New/Used Auto Parts
PolyurethanePolyurethane Threads Polyurethane Medical Gloves
 Personal Effects Household Goods
Rubber ArticlesRubber Hoses Tires Toys Rubber Conveyor Belts
RodsWelding Rods Rebar Aluminum Rods Reactor Rods
ScrapPlastic Scrap Aluminum Scrap Iron Scrap
STC (Said to Contain) General Cargo FAK ( Freight of All Kinds) "No Description" 
TilesCeramic Tiles Marble Tiles
ToolsHand Tools Power Tools Industrial Tools
WiresElectric Wires Auto Harness Coiled Wire (Industrial)


Q : What is the proper method of entering Shipper and Consignee?
A : Consol MAWB : the Name & Address of Consolidator/Deconsolidator Single MAWB & HAWB : Actual Name & Address of SHIPPER/CONSIGNEE ex : Name of the Shipper: Up to 35 alphanumeric (including space) Street & Address: Up to 35 alphanumeric (including space) CITY, COUNTRY, TOWNSHIP: Up to 17 alphanumeric (including space) STATE: Up to 9 alphanumeric (including space) Abbreviation is accepted (ex. California - CA) COUNTRY CODE: 2 Letters only (number is not acceptable)
Q : Is it possible to input Telephone Number and CPO Box?
A : Input of only telephone number or CPO Box is not allowed. Exact name of the SHPR/CNEE and address must be entered.
Q : Is it possible to enter the name of Forwarder in SHPR/CNEE of HAWB?
A : Input of mere Forwarder is not allowed. Exact name of the SHPR/CNEE must be entered.


Q : What is the proper number piece in sending Air AMS Data?
A : MAWB must include Total Inner piece (the smallest external packaging unit) as well as SKID Unit and ULD Unit. ex. 1pc 2400kg (1 BUC, 345 Box) * 1pc (345pc) 2400kg ex. 5pc 3500kg (5 Skid, 1 Skid Contains 75Box) * 5pc (375pc) 3500kg

Related CBP Q and A

Q : When reporting the quantity of pieces for cargo loaded on a pallet, unit load device (ULD) or other similar equipment, what quantity should be reported in Air AMS?
A : The Final Rule requires that the Air AMS participant report the quantity based on the smallest external packing unit. For example, one pallet loaded with 100 boxes would be reported with a quantity of 100
Q : Should total HAWB WT and MAWB WT be identical?
A : Both total HAWB WT and MAWB WT must be identical.